Breastfeeding and Infant Oral Health

Mom-1 Breastfeeding and Infant Oral Health

Exclusive breastfeeding is the preferred method of infant feeding in the first six months of life, and continued breastfeeding throughout the first year and into the second year carries with it a multitude of advantages for both the mother and the infant.


American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that breastfeeding continue a minimum of one year, and as long thereafter as baby and mother mutually desire. Some mothers may wonder how these recommendations can be applied when most babies cut their first teeth during their first year. Many mothers find the real challenge occurs during the time that the baby is actively cutting teeth, rather than after the teeth have erupted. Babies can experience significant discomfort due to teething and will sometimes alter their positioning or latch to avoid hitting the sore spots on their gums


Infancy Oral care

Human milk alone does not cause dental caries. Infants exclusively breastfed are not immune to decay due to other factors that impact the infant’s risk for tooth decay. Decay causing bacteria (streptococcus mutans) is transmitted to the infant by way of parents, caregivers, and others

Giving an infant a sugary drink at nap or nighttime is harmful because during sleep, the flow of saliva decreases, allowing the sugary liquids to linger on the child’s teeth for an extended period of time. If you breast-feed, avoid letting the baby nurse continuously. And after each feeding, wipe your baby’s teeth and gums with a clean, damp washcloth or a gauze pad.


What to do and how to clean your baby’s teeth and gums:

Here are some east ways to take care of your baby’s teeth and gums:

  • Make sure that baby latches on well every time. Gently remind him to open wide before latching on.
  • Before baby will clamp down on the nipple, he has to move his tongue out of the way or risk biting himself. The observant mother can be ready to stick a finger in the corner of his mouth so the clamping is done on the finger and not the nipple.
  • Consider rinsing your nipples with cool water, as some mothers find that baby’s increased saliva from teething irritates the nipples.
  • Some mothers find it helpful to apply a 100% lanolin preparation intended for nursing mothers.



The following steps are recommended:

  •  Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life, and continued breastfeeding with appropriate introduction of solids for the rest of the first year and into the second year
  • Proper attention to dental hygiene at the first tooth eruption
  • early dental evaluation of infants with a family history of dental caries (6 to 12 months of age) with regular follow-up
  • Never allow a baby to be propped with a bottle
  • Never allow a baby to go to bed with a bottle containing anything other than water
  • Dental evaluations for infants without a family history of caries should begin at 12 months

Tooth Extraction – Facts for Comfort

Tooth-Extraction1 Tooth Extraction - Facts for Comfort

Tooth extraction:


Tooth extraction is usually relatively straightforward, and the vast majority can be usually performed quickly while the individual is awake by using local anesthetic injections to eliminate painful sensations. Local anesthetic blocks pain, but mechanical forces are still vaguely felt. Some teeth are more difficult to remove for several reasons, especially related to the tooth’s position, the shape of the tooth roots and the integrity of the tooth. Dental Phobia is an issue for some individuals, and tooth extraction tends to be fearsome more than other dental treatments like fillings. The branch of dentistry that deals primarily with extractions is oral dentistry.


Why tooth extraction?


Tooth extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, but most commonly to remove teeth which have become unrestorable through tooth decay, periodontal disease or dental trauma especially when they are associated with toothache. Sometimes wisdom teeth are impacted (stuck and unable to grow normally into the mouth) and may cause recurrent infections of the gum called pericoronitis. In Orthodontics if the teeth are crowded, sound teeth may be extracted (often bicuspids) to create space so the rest of the teeth can be straightened.


Surgical Vs Simple Extraction


Extractions are often categorized as “simple” or “surgical”.

  • Simple extractionsare performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth, usually under local anesthetic, and require only the use of instruments to elevate and/or grasp the visible portion of the tooth. The tooth is lifted using an elevator, and using dental forceps, rocked back and forth until the periodontal ligament has been sufficiently broken and the supporting alveolar bone has been adequately widened to make the tooth loose enough to remove. Typically when teeth are removed with forceps, slow & steady pressure is applied with controlled force.
  • Surgical extractionsinvolve the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed, either because they have broken under the gum line or because they have not erupted fully. Surgical extractions almost always require an incision. In a surgical extraction the doctor may elevate the soft tissues covering the tooth and bone and may also remove some of the overlying and/or surrounding jaw bone tissue with a drill or osteotome. Frequently, the tooth may be split into multiple pieces to facilitate its removal. Surgical extractions are usually performed under a general anesthetic.


 Post extraction Comfort and Care


It is always important to closely follow your dentist’s after-care instructions to speed recovery.

  • You can put ice packs on your face to reduce swelling. Alternate 20 minute on and 20 minutes off.
  • Eat soft and cool foods for a few days. Starting 24 hours after surgery, swish with warm salt water. Use one-half teaspoon of salt in a cup of water.
  • You should not smoke, use a straw or spit after surgery. These actions can pull the blood clot out of the hole where the tooth was.

The surgical extraction of teeth may sound a bit daunting, but with today’s modern procedures and anesthesia, you have nothing to worry about. Afterwards, you and your dentist can discuss tooth replacement options to restore the function and beauty to your smile.


Bad Breath And Its Cures

badbreath2-300x289 Bad Breath And Its CuresWhat is Bad Breath?

There’s no shame in having halitosis (or bad breath, as it is more commonly known). In fact, 95% of us suffer from bad breath at some time in our lives, and one in four adults suffers from bad breath on a regular basis. A quick way to test the potency of your breath is to lick the inside of your wrist with the back of your tongue, let it dry for a few seconds, and then smell. If you subsequently find yourself recoiling in horror from a foul stench, then you should perhaps consider visiting your dental hygienist.

Bad breath usually stems from poor oral hygiene (including neglecting the tongue area, which hosts the bacteria that cause bad breath). However, smoking and drinking too much alcohol can also contribute. Sprays, mints and chewing gum will only temporarily mask your bad breath, whereas improving your oral hygiene will ultimately pay-off. Talk to your dentist if you’re concerned about bad breath. He or she can help identify the cause and, if it’s due to an oral condition, develop a treatment plan to help eliminate it.




If you have bad breath, review your oral hygiene habits. Try making lifestyle changes, such as brushing your teeth and tongue after eating, using dental floss, and drinking plenty of water. If your bad breath persists after making such changes, see your dentist. If your dentist suspects a more serious condition is causing your bad breath, he or she may refer you to a physician to find the cause of the odor.

Your dentist will review your medical history for conditions that can cause bad breath and for medicines that can cause dry mouth. Your dentist also will ask you about your diet, personal habits (smoking, chewing tobacco) and any symptoms. He or she also will ask who noticed the bad breath and when.

Your dentist will likely smell both the breath from your mouth and the breath from your nose and rate the odor on a scale. Because the back of the tongue is most often the source of the smell, your dentist may also scrape it and rate its odor. There are sophisticated detectors that can identify the chemicals responsible for bad breath, though these aren’t always available.




There are many causes for breath odor.

Bad breath caused by dental problems can be prevented easily with proper home and professional care.

  • Food collected between the teeth, on the tongue and around the gums can also rot, leaving an unpleasant odor. Foods contribute to breath odor. Once the food is absorbed into the bloodstream, it’s transferred to the lungs where it’s expelled. Brushing, flossing and mouthwash will only mask the odor temporarily; odors continue until the body eliminates the food.
  • Bad breath can also be caused by dry mouth (known as xerostomia), which occurs when the flow of saliva decreases. Saliva cleanses the mouth and removes particles that may cause odor.
  • Local infections in the respiratory tract, chronic sinusitis, postnasal drip, chronic bronchitis, diabetes, gastrointestinal disturbance, and liver or kidney ailment can cause breath odor.
  • Other culprits include poor dental hygiene, dry mouth, disease, infection, tobacco use and severe dieting.


Care and Treatment:


12-foods-that-stop-bad-breath0-300x300 Bad Breath And Its CuresTo reduce bad breath, help avoid cavities and lower your risk of gum disease, consistently practice good oral hygiene. Further treatment for bad breath can vary, depending on the cause. If your bad breath is thought to be caused by an underlying health condition, your dentist will likely refer you to your primary care provider. For causes related to oral health, your dentist will work with you to help you better control that condition. Dental measures must include:

  • Mouth rinses and toothpastes –If bad breath is due to a buildup of bacteria (plaque) on your teeth, your dentist may recommend a mouth rinse that kills the bacteria. Your dentist may also recommend a toothpaste that contains an antibacterial agent to kill the bacteria that cause plaque buildup.
  • Treatment of dental disease –If you have gum disease, you may be referred to a gum specialist (periodontist). Gum disease can cause gums to pull away from your teeth, leaving deep pockets that fill with odor-causing bacteria. Sometimes only professional cleaning removes these bacteria. Your dentist might also recommend replacing faulty tooth restorations, a breeding ground for bacteria.


If your breath condition is due to mouth problems, make sure to consult your dentist immediately. However, if you think that your breath issue is due to an underlying medical condition, it would be best to consult your physician first to determine the main cause and to find the right treatment for it.


Braces vs Invisalign

comparison-Braces-to-invisalign-1024x581 Braces vs Invisalign

What is Invisalign?


Invisalign® takes a modern approach to straightening teeth, using a custom-made series of aligners created for you and only you. These aligner trays are made of smooth, comfortable and virtually invisible plastic that you wear over your teeth. Wearing the aligners will gradually and gently shift your teeth into place, based on the exact movements your dentist or orthodontist plans out for you.


There are no metal brackets to attach and no wires to tighten. You just pop in a new set of aligners approximately every two weeks, until your treatment is complete. You’ll achieve a great smile with little interference in your daily life. The best part about the whole process is that most people won’t even know you’re straightening your teeth. No matter what stage you’re at in life, you’ll appreciate how our cutting-edge approach to treatment has minimal interference in how you live, but has a significant positive impact on how you look and feel about yourself.


Invisalign over Braces:

invisalign-300x140 Braces vs Invisalign
With Invisalign, the aligner trays are not only smooth and comfortable to wear, but they’re also removable. That means you can continue doing all the things you normally would, from brushing and flossing, to eating whatever you like. With other devices, brushing and flossing properly can often take up to 30 minutes!

Special occasion coming up? No problem — just take your aligners out for that time and pop it back in when you’re ready. Of course, even when you’re wearing them, most people won’t even know you’re going through treatment, because they are virtually invisible! Invisalign is also ideal for your busy schedule, with fewer doctor visits required (approximately every six weeks).

With regular braces, you may experience some or all of the following: pain, discomfort, mouth sores or injuries caused by the brace wires, tooth decay (from inadequate brushing and flossing), plaque buildup, tooth discoloration, tooth/bracket breakage, or difficulty eating. As if that weren’t enough, there are also the personal sacrifices—popcorn, chips, bagels, hard-crusted bread, pizza crust, pretzels, nuts, certain candies…plus apples, carrots, corn on the cob, and more


Treatment Process:


Whether you’re considering treatment for yourself or someone else, knowing more about the entire process can help you be more confident in your decision to choose Invisalign and enjoy a better smile every day.


  • Your treatment begins after you select the experienced Invisalign-trained Provider that you feel most comfortable with and schedule your initial consultation. Because you will be interacting with this doctor on a regular basis, you may even want to personally meet with a few providers before deciding which one is right for you. This is an important medical and financial decision. That’s why choosing the right doctor and the right treatment plan is so essential
  • Your doctor will take x-rays, pictures and impressions of your teeth, which Invisalign will use to create a digital 3-D image of them. From these images your doctor will map out a precise treatment plan, including the exact movements of your teeth, and tell you the approximate length of treatment. Using the same technology your doctor will be able to show you a virtual representation of how your teeth will move with each stage of treatment.
  • Based on your individual treatment plan, a series of custom-made, clear aligners is then created specifically for you. These aligners are made of a smooth, comfortable, BPA-free plastic that won’t irritate your cheeks and gums like traditional metal braces often do. Simply wear them throughout the day, and remove them when you eat or to brush and floss your teeth.
  • Approximately every two weeks, you will begin wearing a new set of aligners, advancing you to the next stage of your treatment. To monitor your progress, you will also have occasional checkups with your doctor, usually only every six weeks or so. Once your treatment is complete, protect the beautiful new smile you have invested in. Ask your doctor if you will need retainers to keep your teeth in their new position.